Movement Programme:
What is INPP?
What is Developmental Delay?
How is that first year of life linked to my child's difficulties today?
Sound Therapy:
What is Johansen Individualised Auditory Stimulation (JIAS)?
How JIAS Works
Who can benefit from JIAS?
Listening and Language
Appointment Structure
About Sarah
Contact Sarah
Useful Links

Sarah Marshall
M.A. Hons (Psych)
Neuro Developmental Therapist (INPP)
Sound Therapist (JIAS)

 Appointment Structure

Initial Assessment (1 hour)

The Initial Consultation is a fact-finding session to decide whether further assessment and treatment would be helpful. It also gives you an opportunity to ask questions concerning INPP and discuss your child’s particular problems.

Diagnostic Assessment (2 hours)

A full Neuro-Developmental diagnostic assessment may be suggested. This will take 2 hours, during which extensive tests will be carried out for gross and fine muscle co-ordination, balance, patterns of motor development, the presence of aberrant reflexes, laterality, oculo-motor functioning, visual-perceptual ability and visual-motor integration performance.

Following the diagnostic assessment your child will be given a 'Home Programme' which consists of a series of Reflex Stimulation & Inhibition movements to perform each day in the privacy of his/her own home. These movements have been devised by the Institute for Neuro-Physiological Psychology in Chester, where the original research in this work was undertaken, and the exercises are formulated to correct specific reflexes.

For those undergoing Johansen Individualised Auditory Stimulation: hearing threshold and auditory processing tests may be carried out. These are particularly important for children with a history of delayed speech development and poor spelling.

Report Reading (1 hour)

Approximately six weeks later you will return for a 'Report Reading', at which the findings of the diagnostic assessment will be explained to you in detail. A copy of the Report will also be provided for you. If required, a detailed Educational report can be requested. The child will be tested again to ascertain the efficacy of the 'Home Programme', and the exercises altered if appropriate.

Reviews (1 hour)

Progress will be monitored at intervals of 6-8 weeks and the reflex stimulation/inhibition programme amended according to progress. On average, treatment will last for approximately one year.

For those undergoing Johansen Individualised Auditory Stimulation, further auditory tests will be carried out and the next CD will be customised according to the results. Treatment usually lasts 9 months.